Bronchiectasis in Adults

Description: Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory condition that affects the airways in your lungs. In bronchiectasis, the airways become widened, stretched, and scarred, which can lead to difficulty in clearing mucus and other secretions. This condition makes it harder for air to flow in and out of the lungs, potentially leading to recurrent lung infections and other respiratory problems.


1. Chronic Cough: A persistent cough is a common symptom. The cough may produce thick, foul-smelling mucus.
2. Chest Discomfort: You might experience chest pain or discomfort, often worsened by coughing.
3. Shortness of Breath: Difficulty in breathing, especially during physical activities or exertion.
4. Recurrent Infections: Frequent respiratory infections, such as bronchitis or pneumonia.
5. Wheezing: High-pitched whistling sound when breathing.
6. Fatigue: Feeling tired or exhausted due to the strain on the respiratory system.
7. Coughing up Blood: In severe cases, you may cough up blood or blood-streaked mucus.


1. Medical History and Physical Exam: Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical examination.
2. Imaging Tests: Chest X-rays and CT scans can help visualize the airways and identify any abnormalities.
3. Sputum Culture: A sample of mucus is taken and tested for the presence of bacteria to guide treatment.
4. Pulmonary Function Tests: These tests measure lung function and help assess how well your lungs are working.
5. Bronchoscopy: In some cases, a flexible tube with a camera is inserted into your airways to directly visualize and assess their condition.


1. Medications:

  • Bronchodilators: These help open up the airways and make breathing easier.
  • Mucus-Thinning Medications: These medications help in clearing mucus from the airways.
  • Antibiotics: Prescribed to treat bacterial infections and prevent exacerbations.

2. Airway Clearance Techniques:

  • - Chest Physiotherapy: Techniques to help loosen and clear mucus from the lungs.
  • - Positive Expiratory Pressure (PEP) Devices: Devices that assist in breathing out against resistance to clear mucus.

3. Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Exercise and breathing exercises to improve lung function and overall fitness.
4. Oxygen Therapy: For individuals with low blood oxygen levels.
5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery might be considered to remove damaged lung tissue or address specific issues.
6. Lifestyle Modifications: Quitting smoking and avoiding respiratory irritants can help manage symptoms.

Lifestyle Tips:

1. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids to keep mucus thin and easy to clear.
2. Practice Good Hygiene: Wash hands regularly to prevent infections.
3. Vaccinations: Get recommended vaccinations, including flu and pneumonia vaccines.
4. Avoid Smoking: If you smoke, quitting can significantly improve your lung health.
5. Follow Treatment Plan: Take prescribed medications and follow recommended therapies.

It's important to work closely with your healthcare provider to manage your bronchiectasis effectively. Regular check-ups and adherence to the treatment plan can help you lead a better quality of life and minimize complications.

Site developed by ProSites

Office Hours




1631 North Loop West, Suite 640
Houston, Texas 77008-1598
Phone: (832) 263-1177
Fax: (832) 737-0972